Unit VI Louisiana's Musical Landscape

Louisiana Voices Educator's Guide  
Getting Started With This Guide  
Study Guide Summary  
Outline of the Study Guide  
Study Unit I Defining Terms  
Study Unit II Fieldwork Basics  
Study Unit III Discovering the Obvious: Our Lives as "The Folk"  
Study Unit IV The State of Our Lives: Being a Louisiana Neighbor  
Study Unit V Oral Traditions--Swapping Stories  
Study Unit VI Louisiana's Musical Landscape  
Study Unit VII Material Culture-The Stuff of Life  
Study Unit VIII The Worlds of Work and Play  
Study Unit IX The Seasonal Round and Life Cycles  
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Unit VI Outline

Introduction - Louisiana's Musical Landscape

Lesson 1: Music Around the State: Sound and Place

Lesson 2: Listening Logs

Lesson 3: Generational Music Communities

Lesson 4: Moving to Music

Lesson 5: Music Is Business

Lesson 6: Louisiana's Legendary Musicians

Unit VI Resources





Unit VI Resources

Louisiana's Musical Landscape

Find resources helpful for Unit VI lessons below. More resources may be found in the Louisiana Folklife Bibliography.

Aginsky, Yasha. Les Blues de Balfa. 1983. A portrait of Southwestern Louisana's Balfa Brothers, ambassadors of traditional Cajun music to the world. Filmed in Louisiana between 1978 and 1981, the film focuses on the surviving brother fiddler Dewey Balfa and his efforts to continue playing and performing his family's traditional music after the sudden death of his brothers Rodney and Will. Stream free at folkstreams 26 minutes.

Aginsky, Yasha. Cajun Visits: Visites Cajuns. 1983. Fiddlers Denis McGee, Wallace "Cheese" Read, Canray Fontenot, accordionists Leopold Francois and Robert Jardell, are visited by musicians Jeanie McLerie and Dewey Balfa. Each tells stories about the role of music in his life and performs a favorite song. Stream free at folkstreams. 28 minutes.

Ancelet, Barry Jean, with photographs by Elemore Morgan, Jr. Cajun and Creole Music Makers. University Press of Mississippi, 1999. Revised edition of 1984 book, which includes interviews with many musicians. Includes discussions of influences and learning traditions. French and English text. Color photographs.

Ancelet, Barry. Cajun Music: Its Origins and Development. Center for Louisiana Studies at the University of Louisiana-Lafayette, 1989. Fifty-eight page survey of development of Cajun music through the 1980s. Lyrics to a number of songs, photographs, and a reference discography are included.

ArtsEdge. Gulf Coast Highway In a series of audio clips, lesson plans sample the musical diversity of the Gulf Coast. The podcast include a wonderful variety of music and conversations with musicians like Marcia Ball and Beausoleil.

Baskerville, David. Music Business Handbook and Career Guide. The Sherwood Co., 1990. A comprehensive presentation of songwriting, publishing, copyright, artist management, theater promotion, merchandising, and arts administration. Contains a useful guide to various resources in the music business.

Bennett, John Price. Rhythmic Activities and Dance. Human Kinetics, 1995. Suggests rhythm and dance activities for children.

Bial, Raymond. Cajun Home. Illus. with photographs by the author. Houghton Mifflin, 1998. Photographs of rural Cajuns during the first half of the 20th century in this book for younger students.

The Bill Moyers Collection. Amazing Grace with Bill Moyers. 1992. Video. Across time, oceans and cultures, "Amazing Grace" has endured as one of the most popular pieces of music in the English language. It inspired the journalist Bill Moyers to tell the story of this song through people who have sung it. Featured are The Boys Choir of Harlem, Johnny Cash, Judy Collins, and many others, who reveal the power the song has had in their personal lives. British actor Jeremy Irons, speaks from the writings of the 18th century Englishman who composed the song. 1 hr 20 min, PBS Shop. Stream a free 10-minute excerpt at folkstreams.

Blank, Les. Always For Pleasure. Flower Films, 1978. Portraits of New Orleans' street celebrations, include second-line parades, Mardi Gras, and jazz funerals. 58 minutes.

Blank, Les. Dry Wood. Flower Films, 1973. A glimpse into the life, food, and Mardi Gras celebrations of Black Creoles in French Louisiana, featuring the stories and music of "Bois Sec" Ardoin and Canray Fontenot. Stream free at folkstreams. 37 minutes.

Blank, Les. J'ai Été Au Bal (I Went to the Dance). Flower Films, 1989. History of music of southwest French Louisiana. 84 minutes.

Bowling, M.J. and Jerald B. Harkness. Steppin'. 1992.This film on the step show, popular among black fraternities and sororities, examines the cultural roots of stepping in African dancing, military marching, and hip-hop music. Stream free at folkstreams. 55 minutes.

Bowman, Paddy and Marsha Weiner. Bullfrog Jumped Children's Folksongs Learning Guide . [http://www.alabamafolklife.org/content/bullfrog-classroom] Alabama Folklife Association, 2007. This online guide includes audio clips of children's songs recorded in 1947, some of which remain familiar to children.

Bowman, Paddy. Everyday Music Education Guide. Texas A&M Press, 2012. This multidisciplinary online guide accompanies a young readers' book (see Govenar, Alan) and invites students and teachers to consider local traditional music as an important part of community life as well as the curriculum.

Bowman, Paddy, Betty Carter, and Alan Govenar. Masters of Traditional Arts Education Guide. Documentary Arts. 2011. The online version of the guide, which is based on the artistry of the NEA National Heritage Fellows, includes three Louisiana artists: Cajun weaver Gladys Clark, Mardi Gras Indian Tootie Montana, and master builder Earl Barthé of New Orleans. The guide is also found as a PDF on the National Heritage Fellowships 30th Anniversary DVD-Rom, free under "Publications". The DVD-Rom features 18 Louisiana musicians and craftspeople who have won the nation's highest honor for traditional artists.

Broven, John. Rhythm & Blues in New Orleans. Pelican Publishing, 1983. Comprehensive history documenting the rise and development of New Orleans R&B.

Broven, John. South to Louisiana: The Music of the Cajun Bayous. Pelican Publishing, 1983. History of Cajun, zydeco, swamp pop, and New Orleans music.

Brunvand, Jan Harold. Chapter 16: "Folk Dances and Dramas," The Study of American Folklore: An Introduction. 4th ed. W.W. Norton & Company, 1998. Full discussion, with examples, of folk dances and dramas.

Brunvand, Jan Harold. [Chapter 3, "Folk Groups,"] The Study of American Folklore: An Introduction. 4th ed. W.W. Norton & Company, 1998. A discussion of different kinds of folk groups and their shared traditions and customs.

Campbell, Patricia Shehan. Songs in Their Heads: Music and Its Meaning in Children's Lives. Oxford University Press, 1998. This music-education scholar shows teachers and parents how they can use fieldwork to research the music in children's lives. This provides insights into how children think about music, how schools teach music, and how we can improve music education by listening to children. A teacher resource for all grades.

Country Music Association. Words and Music Teachers Guide. CMA, 2009. The online guide provides practical songwriting lessons.

Des Pres, Josquin, and Mark Landsman. Creative Careers in Music. Allworth Press, 2000. Discusses aspects of the music industry from a personal experience standpoint. Covers tthe publishing business, the record business, music industry careers, career development, and changes in the music industry.

Doucet, Michael. Le Hoogie Boogie. Rounder/Polygram, 1995. Cajun and zydeco music by Beausoleil for children with French and English lyrics. Book includes chord symbols, simple dance directions, and activities for each song.

Doucet, Sharon Arms. Fiddle Fever. Clarion, 2000. The story of a boy, Félix LeBlanc, who wants to play the fiddle, but his mama forbids it. Félix disobeys and makes his own fiddle from a cigar box.

Evans, David. Big Road Blues: Tradition and Creativity in the Folk Blues. Da Capo Press, 1982.

Evans, Jane. Let's Dance: A Movement Approach to Folk Dance. 2nd ed. CAN-ED Media, 1985. Incorporates the elements of modern dance (i.e., body awareness, effort, space awareness, relationships) into folk dance instruction. The first part of the book deals with general instructions for teaching dance followed by directions for 86 dances. All the music is available for purchase from Can-Ed Media, but does not come with the booklet.

Field, Shelly. Career Opportunities in the Music Industry. American Library Association, 2000. Recently revised to profile more than 86 jobs in the 21st-century music industry.

Franks, Tillman with Robert Gentry. Tillman Franks: I Was There When It Happened. Sweet Dreams Publishing Company, 2000.

Gillis, Candida. The Community as Classroom. Heinemann, 1992. Teacher resource for encouraging students' insight into and work with elders and community.

Gould, Philip (Photographer), Barry Jean Ancelet (Introduction). Cajun Music and Zydeco. More than one hundred color photographs of the performers, dance halls, and fans. Includes a compact disc.

Govenar, Alan. Everyday Music. Texas A&M Press, 2012. Illustrated with many photographs evocative of local communities and traditions, this book for young readers honors local music, musicians, and culture. Online images, radio shows and an education guide (see Bowman, Paddy), augment the book.

Lomax, Alan. Cajun Country. 1991. This documentary investigates Cajun roots in Western France, visits cattle drives, horse races, and dances in rural Louisiana. NOTE: It is strongly recommended that teachers review this film to determine its suitability for students. Stream free at folkstreams. 56 minutes.

Lomax, Alan. Jazz Parades: Feet Don't Fail Me Now. American Patchwork, 1997. This documentary film of music and movement from New Orleans' streets includes rehearsal of Mardi Gras Indians. NOTE: It is strongly recommended that teachers review this film to determine its suitability in classroom settings. Screen free online at folkstreams. 60 minutes.

Jones, Bessie and Bess Lomax Hawes. Step It Down. University of Georgia Press, 1987. This classic collection of African American children's folklore for teachers and K-8 has an accompanying CD.

Lane, Christy, and Susan Langhout. Multicultural Folk Dance Guide. Human Kinetics, 1998.

Lester, Julius. The Blues Singers: Ten Who Rocked the World. Illus. by Lisa Cohen. Jump at the Sun/Hyperion, 2001. This book for younger students relates blues singers' contributions from Bessie Smith to Aretha Franklin, drawing on Lester's personal experiences with the artists.

Lewis, William Dukes. "A Brief History of African American Marching Bands." In Marching to the Beat of a Different Drum: Performance Traditions of Historically Black College and University Marching Bands, M.A. Thesis, University of North Carolina, 2003, found at folkstreams.

Logan, Horace, Bill Sloan, and Bill Slogan. Elvis, Hank, and Me: Making Musical History on the Louisiana Hayride. St. Martins Press, 1998. Recounts the history and creation of the Louisiana Hayride, as well as profiles of country music artists who participated.

Louisiana Hayride: Cradle of the Stars. Video. 1958. Old photos, film clips, radio show recordings and interviews recounting the heydays of the Hayride, 1948-1958.

Malone, Bill C. Country Music USA: A Fifty-Year History. University of Texas Press, 1968.

Malone, Jacqui. Steppin' on the Blues: The Visible Rhythms of African American Dance. University of Illinois Press, 1996. Examines the African influences on African American dance performances, from slave times to Motown to marching bands.

Medaris, Angela Shelf, and Michael Medaris. Dance. Twenty-First Century Books, 1997. African American dance, borrowing heavily from dance traditions that slaves brought to the U.S. from Africa, influences modern forms of tap and ballet, as this cultural history reveals.

Mire, Pat. Dance for a Chicken: The Cajun Mardi Gras. 1993. A Cajun filmmaker gives an inside look at rural Cajun Mardi Gras. Every year before Lent begins, processions of masked and costumed revelers, often on horseback, go from house to house gathering ingredients for communal gumbos in communities across rural southwest Louisiana. Stream free at folkstreams. 56 minutes.

New Orleans Jazz Funerals From the Inside. Hosted and narrated by Milton Batiste, with Olympia Brass Band. New Orleans, DMJ Productions, 1995. Video. 50 minutes.

Olivier, Rick (photographer) and Ben Sandmel. Zydeco! University Press of Mississippi, 1999. Text by Ben Sandmel. Traces the history of the music and draws upon interviews with zydeco performers.

Plater, Ormonde, Cynthia Speyrer, Rand Speyrer, and Michael Peter Smith. Cajun Dancing. Pelican Publishing Company, 1993. 250 photos. Guide that teaches basic and advanced steps of Cajun dance.< font>

Sandmel, Ben. Ernie K-Doe: The R&B Emperor of New Orleans. The Historic New Orleans Collection, 2012. This lively, well-researched book serves as a bio of New Orleans as well as the legendary musician.< font>

Santelli, Robert, Holly George-Warren, and Jim Brown. American Roots Music. Harry N. Abrams, 2001.

Smithsonian Folkways Tools for Teaching include an interactive jazz website plus lessons on zydeco and many other traditional music genres.< font>

Sobel, David. Mapmaking with Children: Sense of Place Education for the Elementary Years. Heinemann, 1998. Sound maps are among the many useful activities and concepts this book offers teachers of K-8.*

Spitzer, Nicholas R. Louisiana Folklife: A Guide to the State. Louisiana Office of Cultural Development, 1985.

Spitzer, Nicholas R. Zydeco: Creole Music and Culture in Rural Louisiana. Center for Gulf South History and Culture. Explore African American dancehall music in French-speaking southwest Louisiana, with Dolon Carriere, Armand Ardoin, and Alphonse "Bois Sec" Ardoin. Stream free at folkstreams. 55 minutes.

Stearns, Marshall W. The Story of Jazz. Oxford University Press, 1985.

Tisserand, Michael. The Kingdom of Zydeco. Arcade Publishing, 1998. A history of zydeco music and the culture.

Weikart, Phyllis S. Teaching Folk Dance: Successful Steps. High/Scope Press, 1999. Contains ideas, techniques, steps, and suggestions for teaching folk dance.< font>

Wilson, Charles Reagan et al, Eds.. Encyclopedia of Southern Culture. University of North Carolina, 1989. Features many articles on all aspects of Southern culture, including music traditions. 1656 pgs.


Unit VI Outline


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